Paro cardiaco extrahospitalario: conocimientos en una comunidad universitaria
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Palabras clave

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Knowledge
Training Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar
Conhecimento
Capacitação Paro cardiaco extrahospitalario
reanimación cardiopulmonar
conocimiento
capacitación

Cómo citar

Blanco Avila, D. M. (2021). Paro cardiaco extrahospitalario: conocimientos en una comunidad universitaria. Revista Colombiana De Enfermería, 20(2). https://doi.org/10.18270/rce.v20i2.3401

Resumen

OBJETIVO: determinar el nivel de conocimiento de una comunidad universitaria en Bogotá, para actuar como primer respondiente ante situaciones de emergencia como el paro cardiorrespiratorio y sus principales causas.

METODOLOGÍA: estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y transversal. Muestra, 1.294 integrantes de una comunidad universitaria, margen de error 3%, nivel de confianza 97%. Muestreo por conveniencia. La información se recolectó a través de la plataforma Google forms ®, por medio de un cuestionario de 14 preguntas, distribuidas en tres categorías, reconocimiento del evento, activación de sistema de emergencias y atenciòn inicial. Se cumplieron los requisitos éticos para la investigación en salud en Colombia.

RESULTADOS: el 62.7% de los participantes identifica las acciones para reconocer un paro cardio respiratorio y aunque el 83,6% ante estas situaciones llamaría a emergencias solo el 37% conoce el número telefónico. La sospecha de síndrome coronario agudo es un evento considerado por un 68,2% como una emergencia, no sucede lo mismo con el ACV, donde solo el 52,1%, tiene esta claridad. El 81.4% describe acciones correctas frente a una víctima con obstrucción grave de la vía aérea por cuerpo extraño, 50.6% si la obstrucción es leve.

CONCLUSIÓN: el nivel de conocimiento de la comunidad universitaria en materia de atención del paro cardiorrespiratorio extrahospitalario es bajo predominantemente relacionado con las maniobras de reanimación cardiopulmonar y la operación del DEA. Resulta necesario implementar estrategias educativas dirigidas a todas las comunidades y esto podría ser una oportunidad de desarrollo para el profesional de enfermería en los diferentes ámbitos de acción.

https://doi.org/10.18270/rce.v20i2.3401
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