Situación de la violencia sexual en Colombia, 2012-2016

Palabras clave

sexual violence
sexual victims
public health surveillance
impacts on health
health services
post-exposure prophylaxis
violence against women
victim of sexual abuse
sexual abuse violência sexual
vítimas sexuais
vigilância em saúde pública
impactos na saúde
serviços de saúde
profilaxia pós-exposição
violência contra as mulheres
vítima de abuso sexual
abuso sexual violencia sexual
víctimas sexuales
vigilancia en salud pública
impactos en la salud
servicios de salud
profilaxis posexposición
violencia contra la mujer
víctima de abuso sexual
abuso sexual

Cómo citar

Perdomo-Sandoval, L.-A., Cardona-Gómez, G.- del-P., & Urquijo-Velásquez, L.-E. (2019). Situación de la violencia sexual en Colombia, 2012-2016. Revista Colombiana De Enfermería, 18(1), e003.


Objective: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence in Colombia during the period between 2012-2016. Materials and methods: A quantitative and descriptive study of all cases of sexual violence reported to SIVIGILA from 2012 to 2016 was conducted. Results: 73,986 cases of sexual violence were reported to SIVIGILA, 74.78% of which occurred in the municipal capitals with 65.91% of the cases occurring in the homes of the victims. 88% of the victims were women and 49.92% of the total number of victims were teenagers. 91.90% of the aggressors were men, who on average were 30 years old. 50.65% of the aggressors did not live with the victim. 26.1% of the victims received prophylaxis for HIV / AIDS, 17.0% received prophylaxis for the hepatitis B virus, 45.42% received mental health care, 31.84% of the victims were referred to protection, and 56.99% were reported to the competent authorities. Conclusion: Of the 73,986 cases of sexual violence, a rise in prevalence was found, starting with 13.45% of the cases occurring in 2012 and rising to 27.96% of the cases occurring in 2016. The principle victims were women in the vital life cycles, adolescence, infancy and early infancy, and the primary aggressors were males of an average 30 years of age.


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