Objective: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence in Colombia during the period between 2012-2016. Materials and methods: A quantitative and descriptive study of all cases of sexual violence reported to SIVIGILA from 2012 to 2016 was conducted. Results: 73,986 cases of sexual violence were reported to SIVIGILA, 74.78% of which occurred in the municipal capitals with 65.91% of the cases occurring in the homes of the victims. 88% of the victims were women and 49.92% of the total number of victims were teenagers. 91.90% of the aggressors were men, who on average were 30 years old. 50.65% of the aggressors did not live with the victim. 26.1% of the victims received prophylaxis for HIV / AIDS, 17.0% received prophylaxis for the hepatitis B virus, 45.42% received mental health care, 31.84% of the victims were referred to protection, and 56.99% were reported to the competent authorities. Conclusion: Of the 73,986 cases of sexual violence, a rise in prevalence was found, starting with 13.45% of the cases occurring in 2012 and rising to 27.96% of the cases occurring in 2016. The principle victims were women in the vital life cycles, adolescence, infancy and early infancy, and the primary aggressors were males of an average 30 years of age.
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