Situación de la violencia sexual en Colombia, 2012-2016

Palabras clave

violencia sexual
víctimas sexuales
vigilancia en salud pública
impactos en la salud
servicios de salud
profilaxis posexposición
violencia contra la mujer
víctima de abuso sexual
abuso sexual

Cómo citar

Perdomo-Sandoval, L.-A., Cardona-Gómez, G.- del-P., & Urquijo-Velásquez, L.-E. (2019). Situación de la violencia sexual en Colombia, 2012-2016. Revista Colombiana De Enfermería, 18(1), 1-11.


Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y las características de la violencia sexual en Colombia durante el periodo 2012-2016. Método: se realizó un estudio cuantitativo y descriptivo de todos los casos de violencia sexual reportados al Sistema de Vigilancia en Salud Pública (Sivigila) del 2012 al 2016. Resultados: en el periodo 2012-2016, se reportaron al Sivigila 73.986 casos de violencia sexual, de los cuales el 74,78% ocurrió en las cabeceras municipales; el 65,91% en las viviendas; el 88% de las víctimas eran mujeres y el 49,92% adolescentes. De los agresores, el 91,90% eran hombres con edad promedio de 30 años y el 50,65% no convivía con la víctima. De las víctimas, el 26,1% recibió profilaxis para el vih/sida y el 17,0% para el virus de la hepatitis b; al 45,42% se le proporcionó atención en salud mental, el 31,84% fue remitido a protección y el 56,99% fue reportado a las autoridades competentes. Conclusión: en los 73.986 casos de violencia sexual se encontró un ascenso de la prevalencia que va del 13,45% en el 2012 al 27,96% en el 2016, siendo las mujeres en los ciclos vitales de adolescencia, infancia y la primera infancia las principales víctimas de violencia sexual de agresores hombres con edad promedio de 30 años



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