Profilaxis de sangrado gastrointestinal en paciente crítico

Julio Cesar García C., Lizeth Katherine Barrera C.

Resumen


Las úlceras gástricas que se presentan en pacientes críticos generan un daño exponencial y constante en la mucosa gástrica, que aumenta la incidencia de hemorragias gastrointestinales clínicamente significativas, lo cual prolonga los periodos de estancia hospitalaria en una unidad de cuidado intensivo (UCI) e incrementa el riesgo de muerte. Para prevenir este tipo de complicaciones, se pueden utilizar varias opciones farmacológicas; sin embargo, no existe un consenso que permita establecer cuál de todas las opciones existentes es la mejor decisión terapéutica para estos pacientes, razón por la cual es pertinente realizar una revisión narrativa de la literatura que contribuya a la toma de decisiones por parte de los médicos tratantes.

Palabras clave


Prevención y control; Hemorragia gastrointestinal; enfermedad crítica

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18270/rce.v8i8.552

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Rev. Colomb. Enferm. • ISSN: 1909-1621 (Impresa) • ISSN: 2346-2000 (En línea)

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